A series of commentaries curated by the Australian Committee of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific, in collaboration with Asialink at the University of Melbourne. Professor Anthony Milner, Visiting Professor at AEI, is Co-Chair of the Australian Committee, together with Ric Smith AO.
by Anthony Milner and Astanah Abdul Aziz
US-China, US-China – the commentary goes on and on. Who will be dominant? Must rising powers always go to war with established powers? Can the US assemble an Indo-Pacific alliance to balance China? Might the US agree to share primacy? These are urgent questions – but some recent Asian perspectives suggest a growing impatience with what a Japanese analyst calls these “bilateral dynamics”.
by Rahul Mishra
Increased aggression from Beijing has sparked more robust responses from Washington and the regional claimant states.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
कोरोना महामारी का दक्षिण एशियाई देशों के संगठन सार्क और आसियान ने अलग अलग मुकाबला किया है. क्षेत्रीय गुटों में वैश्विक महामारी से लड़ने में आपसी सहयोग में भारी अंतर दिखा है. इसने सहयोग की समस्याओं को उजागर किया है.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन की एसेंबली में कोविड-19 और उससे जुड़े तमाम पहलुओं पर गहन चर्चा हो रही है. ये बहस ताइवान की भागीदारी पर विवाद के साए में हो रही है, इसलिए भी कि कोविड-19 पर काबू पाने में वह कामयाब रहा है.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
चीन की बेल्ट एंड रोड परियोजना का भारत शुरू से ही विरोध करता रहा है, लेकिन यह विरोध आर्थिक कम कूटनीतिक ज्यादा रहा है. अब कोरोना की वजह से बदली परिस्थितियों ने चीन की इस प्रतिष्ठा वाली परियोजना पर बड़े सवालिया निशान लगाए.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
उत्तर कोरिया ने अचानक दक्षिण कोरिया को दुश्मन कहा और उसके साथ बातचीत के सारे रास्ते फिर से बंद कर दिए. इस फैसले से राजनयिक हल्कों में खासी उथल-पुथल और असमंजस की स्थिति है. सवाल है कि उत्तर कोरिया क्यों कर रहा है ऐसा?
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
कोरोना महामारी फैलने में चीन की जिम्मेदारी का सवाल गंभीरता से उठाया जा रहा है. बहुत सी कंपनियां चीन छोडकर दूसरे देशों में जाने पर भी विचार कर रही हैं. क्या भारत चीन से निकलने वाले निवेश को अपने यहां आकर्षित कर पाएगा?
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
कोरोना संकट से जूझती दुनिया के देशों में आपसी रिश्तों के नए आयाम खुल रहे हैं. भारत मलेशिया की दोस्ती में पड़ी दरार भी संकट के इस दौर में सिमट रही है. क्या इन दोनों देशों की दोस्ती फिर परवान चढ़ेगी.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
भारत और चीन के बीच मई 2020 से चल रहे सीमा विवाद ने बढ़ते-बढ़ते अचानक हिंसक झड़प का रूप ले लिया है. अगर तेजी से राजनीतिक और कूटनीतिक कदम नहीं उठाए गए तो इसे युद्ध जैसी स्थिति में बदलने में ज्यादा समय नहीं लगेगा.
राहुल मिश्रा द्वारा
भारत के प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी और ऑस्ट्रेलिया के प्रधानमंत्री स्कॉट मोरिसन की पहली वर्चुअल शिखर वार्ता सामरिक सहयोग के नजरिए से महत्वपूर्ण है. दोनों देशों के संबंधों के इतिहास में यह बड़ा मील का पत्थर माना जाएगा.
by Dr. Rahul Mishra
The Covid-19 pandemic hit Malaysia at a time when the country was in the midst of a political upheaval, with the government of the day changing after several unexpected political moves were made.
by Dr. Paul Gillespie
European powers have a deep interest in avoiding being caught up and marginalised in the slipstream of a new cold war between the United States and China.
by Tan Sri Hasmy Agam & Prof. Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Further to the points of view the undersigned authors expressed nearly two months ago, it is regretted that the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) still misses to adopt the much-needed Council Resolution to address the COVID-19 (C-19) pandemic event. (The UN Security Council should urgently address Covid-19 – addendum)
When a crisis seems to threaten regional states unevenly, the incentive for cooperation weakens says Choi Kang, Acting President and Director in the Center for Foreign Policy and National Security at the Asan Institute for Policy Studies, South Korea. He argues that the Covid-19 pandemic has seen individual rather than collective action, and existing institutions that should have been part of a global response have been discredited.
Both China and the United States will emerge from the current crisis with their reputations damaged, says David Capie, Associate Professor in International Relations at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He argues that today’s great power struggles are making it harder than ever for small and middle powers to navigate.
US-China relations are now failing ‘the rest of Asia’ says Tsutomu Kikuchi, adjunct senior fellow at the Japan Institute of International Affairs. He argues that we can’t narrow the range of policy choices available to us as we push for a rules-based order.
The COVID-19 phenomenon has accelerated degloblisation, writes Victor Sumsky, Director of the ASEAN Centre at Moscow State Institute of International Relations. Instead of preaching inclusiveness in the framework of economic cooperation in the Asia Pacific, the US has switched to the ‘free-and-open’ Indo-Pacific doctrine, aimed at containing China.
Like the United States, Indonesia’s response to the pandemic has been lax, says Jusuf Wanandi, former Secretary of the Indonesian Supreme Advisory Council. Moreover, he argues regional cooperation is lacking – and the prospects for renewal are not strong.
by Tham Siew Yean and Yeoh Wee Jin | ISEAS Perspective Issue: 2020 No.50
For iron and steel, China has identified Southeast Asia as the market with huge potential. The region’s high demand for infrastructure such as MRT lines, highways, bridges, roads, flyovers, dams and power plants match BRI aims, and fuel the demand for steel.
China is channeling aid to Myanmar, but the virus crisis is a chance for existing multilateral bodies within the Asia Pacific to reset and reshape the foreign policy environment, says Aung Zin Phyo Thein from the Myanmar Institute of Strategic and International Studies.
A ‘self-help’ state is back, and nationalism, populism, xenophobia, trade, and territorial disputes are on the rise, writes Dang Cam Tu, Deputy Director-General at the Institute for Foreign Policy and Strategic Studies, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam.
COVID-19 has proven the weakness of ASEAN-led mechanisms, so it’s now time to rebuild a regional security architecture that can contain the more extreme effects of the growing US-China rivalry, writes Herman Kraft, Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of the Philippines.
Each ASEAN member state has acted individually rather than collectively, writes Pou Sothirak, Head of the Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace. Knowing that this virus crosses national borders, a regional response makes a lot more sense.
Mohd Nazari Ismail
The problem of unemployment is becoming more serious in many countries. The International Labor Organization (ILO) predicts 1.25 billion workers worldwide will lose their jobs due to the Covid-19 pandemic, accounting for 38 per cent of the world’s workforce. In the United States, since the outbreak of Covid-19, 33 million people have been made unemployed.
A series of commentaries curated by the Australian Committee of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific, in collaboration with Asialink (University of Melbourne)
by Ali Goutali and Anis H. Bajrektarevic
All throughout its history, our world witnessed either abrupt, radical changes or gradual shifts and adjustments of the World Order. Such recalibrations usually followed major crises, be it devastating wars or geopolitical transformations such as the end of Cold War.
Prepare for further deglobalisation and realignment in Asia as the COVID-19 crisis continues, writes former Indian Foreign Secretary, Shyam Saran.
by Johan Saravanamuttu & Khor Yu Leng
The world was awakened to Singapore’s spike of COVID-19 cases among its foreign workers recently. This should alert countries like Malaysia and Thailand, which have even larger numbers of migrant labour, of the impending crisis they have yet to face.
by Dr. Nurliana Kamaruddin & Dr. Jan Vincent Galas
While all attention has been on the US and China, countries of the region themselves might have a say.
by Tan Sri Hasmy Agam & Prof. Anis H. Bajrektarevic
While the pandemic is being dealt with by the World Health Organisation (WHO), along with other relevant United Nation Specialised Agencies (UN SA), the situation is deteriorating rapidly. In a scenario growing more and more likely, it could engulf the entire world, - and have consequences akin to those of a Third World War.
By Johan Saravanamuttu
Under Mahathir, in his second term as prime minister, Malaysia has crafted a foreign policy of capitalising on an ascendant China while hedging against the current environment of a more fluid world. In so doing Malaysia is maintaining strong ties with major US allies of Asia, such as Japan.
By Prof. Anthony Milner
Scott Morrison likes using the phrase ‘delicate moment in time’ to describe the international dynamics Australia is now faced with. It’s a time to build friendships on many fronts, as the government understands well. But the task is challenging...
by Dr. Rahul Mishra
In essence, Indo-Japan partnership in Sri Lanka is a mix of presenting a counterweight to China, aspiration to provide a mutually beneficial alternative to smaller countries and reinforce ties with the neighbours, and their collective objective of keeping the rules-based order in Asia intact.
by Dr. Nurliana Kamaruddin & Aaron Denison
South Korea has spent much of its history caught in the middle of external power struggles. China, Japan, Russia and the United States have all played a hand in shaping the country’s current geopolitical reality.
by Pervaiz Ali Mahesar
This article argues that the EU-ASEAN relations is a partnership among unequals and it reviews the recent public lecture by Professor Dr. Jorn Dosch held at the Asia Europe Institute on September 6, 2019.
The keynote was delivered at the Asia Europe Conference 2019 organised by Asia Europe Institute, University of Malaya on August 2nd, 2019
by Prof. Dato' Dr. Muthiah Alagappa and Arjun Akwei
The hope of an Asian Century persists – a hope based largely on the steady economic growth in many Asian countries. To the contrary, we contend that regardless of economic gains, an Asian Century is unlikely to materialize without comprehensive political reform. These reforms need not come at the expense of economic objectives, but without political reform economic growth will falter.
'Citing human rights concerns, the EU is deciding whether to revoke duty-free market access for Cambodia’s exports, even as it tries to boost trade and defence ties with Southeast Asia.' — Dr. Rahul Mishra shared his views in this article published by Southeast Asia Globe.
"Through its Look East policy (1992-2014) and current Act East policy enacted in 2014, India has strived to build stronger ties with Southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines. With the Philippines, however, most linkages are through ASEAN-steered mechanisms and bilateral relations are still not as strong as they should be." — RSIS (S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore) policy report by Dr Rahul Mishra.
Written by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sameer Kumar
The advancement of cellular technology from 1G to 4G yields parallel improvement in the way we communicate and go about our day-to-day lives. However, the 5th generation, or 5G, is a new creature altogether that promises to impact our lives and businesses in ways hitherto unconceived.
Article by Prof. Amitav Acharya (American University)
After more than a year of deliberation, ASEAN adopted the ‘ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific’ (‘the Outlook’) on 23 June 2019. The Outlook then got an airing at the ASEAN Regional Forum meetings in Bangkok.
World View: EU must judge if its interests are aligned with those of US, Japan and India — Written by Dr Paul Gillespie, one of our distinguished speakers at the Asia-Europe Conference earlier this month, published by The Irish Times.
Written by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fumitaka Furuoka
In this multiplex world order, the rise of two regional giants — China and India — would overshadow inter-regional economic and security agendas in the coming decades. This may disrupt the existing harmonious but rather static inter-regional frameworks, such as the Asia-Europe Meeting (AEM).
The Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP) is defined by a Japanese commentator as a policy "to keep the United States in, China down and ASEAN, India and Australia up" in this new geopolitical space. - Written by Dr Paul Gillespie, one of the panellists at the Asia-Europe Conference 2019 on 1st and 2nd August 2019
Written by Assoc.Prof. Dr. Sameer Kumar
We all want our world to be a better place. However, in efforts to eradicate poverty, hunger, disease and all forms of inequality, there is also a need to ensure that we safeguard the planet for future generations.
THE European Union (EU) is already an enormous investor in Asia and the largest, in fact, in ASEAN. What are its plans to respond to China’s Belt and Road Initiative?Opinion piece in the New Straits Times by Dr Rahul Mishra, Senior Lecturer, Asia-Europe Institute, and coordinator, IMERI on Europe and China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
AS geopolitics change rapidly, Malaysia faces new security and defence challenges such as the increasing importance of maritime concerns, great power rivalry between China and the United States and the emergence of non-traditional threats. - By YB Senator Liew Chin Tong, one of the keynote presenter at the Asia-Europe Conference 2019 on 1st and 2nd August 2019 at the Asia-Europe Insitute, University of Malaya.
WHEN the 34th ASEAN Summit was held in Thailand last month, one of the key documents released was the 'ASEAN Outlook on Indo-Pacific'. It was meant to support ASEAN’s continued effort to remain not only a key player, but also a driving force in the regional architecture. - Article by Dr. Nurliana Kamaruddin for the upcoming Asia-Europe Conference 2019 on 1st and 2nd August 2019 at the Asia-Europe Insitute, University of Malaya.
In Thai Military Power: A Culture of Strategic Accommodation, the author Greg Raymond outlines the historical context and strategic thinking behind Thailand’s diplomatic and military posture. It is an engaging and thought-provoking book which provides a much-needed analysis of an influential middle power at a time when such key players in the Asian region should be receiving more attention.
Indonesia, the biggest country of the Southeast Asian region, and world’s third largest democracy which houses the highest number of Muslims in the world, has completed the process of choosing a new government. Sadly, however, the post-election scenario in the country is mired in controversies.
Has Francis Fukuyama once again provided the key to making sense of the confusion going on around us, including in our own Asian (or Asia-Pacific, or Indo-Pacific) region? - Reviewed by Professor Anthony Milner
There are dangers as well as benefits in keeping the election campaign away from foreign policy, as the public will find out after election day. - Article by Anthony Milner
"India seems to have regained the opportunity to engage with the region more comprehensively through its Indo-Pacific policy", Dr. Rahul Mishra was quoted in this piece by DW (Deutsche Welle).
The vast construct of the Indo-Pacific and the limited grouping of the Quad (the US, Japan, India and Australia) share a few significant traits. However, both of them are being undermined by differences within. Dr. Rahul Mishra and Prof. Anthony Milner shared their views in this article, published on The Strategist — The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) Blog.
By Amira Athira Azman and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sameer Kumar -- The overall purpose of this article is to explore the core assumptions regarding ASEAN principled-pragmatism and the evolving role of ASEAN normative security strategy underlying the concepts of ASEAN Way, neutrality, multilateralism and centrality relating to the South China Sea dispute. This article was published in AEI Insights: An International Journal of Asia-Europe Relations, Vol.4, Issue 1, pp 33-48, ISSN 2289-800X.
By Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sameer Kumar -- While the other two communities of ASEAN—the ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC) and ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), stress political and economic cooperation respectively, the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) reflects on the ASEAN’s social agenda of poverty eradication and human advancement. The article was in the book EU-ASEAN Relations: Perspectives from Malaysia, Pages 27-38, published by Asia-Europe Institute and supported by Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Malaysia.
By Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sameer Kumar -- Increasing specialization, changes in the institutional incentives for publication, and a host of other reasons have brought about a marked trend towards co-authored articles among researchers. These changes have impacted Science and Technology (S&T) policies worldwide.
"ASEM could play a key role in bringing Asian and European countries closer on a range of issues. This is significant at a time when the US is disrupting the gains of globalization" argues Dr. Rahul Mishra in his opinion piece published for the Mint newspaper.
India’s preference for the Indo-Pacific construct and minilateral dialogues over the Quad is likely to continue argues Dr. Rahul Mishra, Senior Lecturer, AEI, in CSCAP Regional Security Outlook, 2019 - the annual flagship publication of Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP).
In this article, AEI Visiting Professor Anthony Milner provides an overview of the development of regional architecture in the Asian and Asia-Pacific (and Indo-Pacific) region. The essay looks back in time at early thinking about regional organisation and then examines recent initiatives - noting in particular emerging China-led architecture and current Indo-Pacific proposals.
Apart from joining the renewed TPP (now no longer including America), Australia continues to rally support for a rules-based international order, and also promotes an ‘Indo-Pacific’ regional vision, correcting the downplaying of India in previous ‘Asia-Pacific’ initiatives. Article was first published on Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, Australian National University College of Asia & the Pacific website.
On 28 August 2018, I arrived at Brussels International Airport, Belgium from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. I was welcomed by Mr. David Urban at the airport and by Ms. Nadia Reynders at the Flemish Ministry of Education and Training on the same day. This is my second trip to Europe after the completion of my Master degree at The Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland in 2004.
Oleh: Prof Tan Sri Dzulkifli Abdul Razak - Sahlah sudah bahawa Majlis Profesor Negara (MPN) terbubar ekoran pengumuman yang dibuat baru-baru ini. MPN terletak dibawah Jabatan Perdana Menteri dan dipengerusikan oleh Penasihat Sains kepada Perdana Menteri. Oleh itu pembubarannya menimbul banyak persoalan kepada ramai.
Written by Rahul Mishra and Asef Raiyan Hoque
When the United States announced it’s intention to leave the Trans-Pacific Partnership negotiations, it seemed that without Washington, TPP would never see the light of the day. As part of former President Barack Obama’s Pivot to Asia, it was the US, after all, which steered the course of the TPP ever since it joined the group.
On Tuesday 13 March 2018, His Royal Highness Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah, the Sultan of Perak and Chancellor of the University of Malaya, Malaysia delivered the keynote address at the ASEAN-Australia Dialogue 2018. The Dialogue was a unique conference hosted by a consortium of Australia’s leading academic institutions, including Asialink, business and government, to address contemporary multilateral issues, including shared economic, security and political challenges and opportunities facing ASEAN and Australia.
The ASEAN–Australia Special Summit attracted bipartisan Australian support, and was a success. We saw Malcolm Turnbull, in his carefully worded commentary and body language, engaging effectively with our neighbours. Article by Prof. Anthony Milner
Over the past week we have been building engagement with our neighbours. The ASEAN-Australia Special Summit was the climax, but the program of events went far wider. - by Anthony Milner
ASEAN is back on Australia’s agenda, having been neglected in recent times. The media release for the 2017 Foreign Policy White Paper states that Australia’s first foreign policy priority is to ‘increase [its] efforts to ensure [Australia] remain[s] a leading partner for Southeast Asia’. - by Anthony Milner
Australia must move beyond our obsession with the US versus China debate and to once again make the ASEAN region our priority.
Shadow treasurer Chris Bowen has marked out a set of key policy differences with the Turnbull government on Asia, arguing Australia "isn't keeping up" with fast-changing Asian economies.
An article from Student International News about Prof. Milner's Merdeka Award acceptance speech
By Muhammad Sufi bin Muhamad Khirul Bahri.
The Asia-Europe Institute continues to bring together communities from all over the world and the AEI-ASEM Summer School 2017 is testament to this. Youth from the Asia-Europe region came to to Kuala Lumpur and went to Brussels from 24 July to 11 August 2017.
GLOBAL politics are presently going through one of their most important shifts in power and strategy of the whole modern era. Two hundred years of dominance by European and American states of world politics, economics and security are coming to an end. Written by Paul Gillespie.
ASEAN is the cornerstone of Malaysia’s foreign policy, and a new book by Kishore Mahbubani and Jeffery Sng, The Asean Miracle, explains that this makes good sense. But, what is Asean’s particular power? Can it continue to triumph without support? Written by Prof. Dr. Azirah, Executice Director of AEI and Prof. Anthony Milner (Visiting Professor).
Written by Dr. Sameer Kumar from Asia-Europe Institute (AEI), University of Malaya
Interview with Dato’ M. Redzuan Kushairi Ambassador (R), Senior Advisor at AEI, who has been monitoring the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), and attended the Shanghai Cooperation Civil Society Organization (SCO) Network Meeting in April 2016.
Date: 11 May 2017
An article by Dato' Dr. Muthiah Alagappa, AEI's Visiting Professor. It was first published in PacNet #32 (Pacific Forum CSIS).
A commentary by Dr. Fumitaka Furuoka, Senior Research Fellow (Visiting), Asia-Europe Institute (AEI)
By Anthony Milner. Kuala Lumpur: ISIS Malaysia, 2016
This monograph is an edited version of the Tun Hussein Onn Chair in International Studies Lecture 2015.
An article by Prof. Anthony Milner featured in The Australian Financial Review (afr.com)
Is Australia quietly developing a Plan B for our international positioning? For the first time a Singapore prime minister has been asked to address our Parliament; soon the ...
Damaging the ASEAN-China relationship is a matter of deep concern, especially given the economic dimension.